Rug Classifications

The first thing that most people want to understand about rugs is how to classify them. There are a number of ways to do this.

One could classify rugs by general rug type:
a. Tribal Weavings
b. Cottage Rugs
c. Workshop Rugs

One could classify rugs by the style they portray:
a. Tribal, or geometric, weavings.
b. Decorative, or casual, rugs.
c. City, or formal, rugs.

From there, a more specific classification comes into play, where the rug is from:
Persia
Turkey
India
The Caucuses
Europe
China
Turkoman
America
Israel
Morocco
Palestine

After pinpointing where a rug is from, it can further be categorized by weave type and color to a distinct area within the countries of origin. Here is a list of most types of rugs:

Persian Rugs:
Afshar
Bakhtiari
Bakhshaiesh
Bibikabad
Bidjar
Farahan
Gabbeh
Ghashgaie
Hamadan
Heriz
Isfahan
Joshaqan
Karaja
Kashan
Kashan – Dabir
Kashan – Mohtasham
Kazvin
Kerman
Kerman – Lavar
Kurdish
Lilihan
Mahal
Malayer
Malayer – Mishan
Mashad
Mashad – Sabeer
Mood (NE Persian)
NW Persian
Qum
Sarouk
Sarouk – Farahan
Sarouk – Mohajeran
Senneh
Serab
Seraband
Serapi
Shiraz
Sultanabad
Sultanabad – Ziegler
Tabriz
Tabriz – Haji Jalili
Tehran

Turkish Rugs:
Ghiordes
Melas
Oushak
Oushak – Angora
Oushak – Borlou
Sivas
Yuruk

Indian Rugs:
Agra
Amritsar
Dhurrie
Sharistan

Caucasian:
Bidjov
Chi-Chi
Kuba
Karabagh
Lesghi
Moghan
Shirvan
Talish
Zeychor
Kazak

European:
Arraiolos Needlework
Aubusson
Axminster
Besserabian
Donegal
English Art Deco
German – Bauhaus
Needlepoint
Rya
Savonnerie
Spanish – Cuenca
Tapestry
Ukranian

American:
American Hooked Rugs
Braided Rug
Navajo
Rag Rug

Chinese:
Art Deco
Khotan
Mongolian
Ning Xia
Peking
Samarghand

Turkoman:
Baluch
Ersari
Beshir
Hatchli

Other:
Bezalel – Palestine
Israeli
Kerghiz
Moroccan

All of the above:
Soumak
Kilim

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